Configuring Citrix MetaFrame for Windows 2000 Terminal Services

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When first setting up your farm and tape backup solution, do a backup and then replace the drive with a blank one and test the restore procedure. Some backup software packages have problems with remapped drive letters and others take several hours to restore only a few Gigabytes of data. Time the restore and make sure that the server can be brought back up in a reasonable amount of time.


When backing up your server to tape, be sure to select the options to include the registry and system files.


Using imaging software such as Norton Ghost ( or Drive Image Pro ( is a more recent method of backing up a server and restoring it or creating new servers using the same image. You can use drive imaging to produce a gold build (an image that you are satisfied with and which has the quality that you would like to duplicate) of one server and then deploy it to other servers to minimize the differences from one server to the next. This method does have a drawback in that the server must be offline to create the image. Ideally, it is best to have a spare server that can be taken down and imaged; then, your changes can be applied and tested. If the changes are determined to be unacceptable, then that server can simply be re-imaged.

As discussed in Chapter 11, you may select one server to build the ideal build and then image the rest of the server farm to match. Once approved, the image can be recreated from that same “master image server” and the image re-applied to the rest of the farm. This ensures that all the servers are always running the same service packs, hotfixes, registry modifications, and so on. If at any time, even after a full-scale farm re-image, the new changes are determined to be detrimental to the farm, it can be re-imaged one version back in a relatively short amount of time. Most images for an average server of about 2GB of data take about 20 minutes to apply, and if you use multicasting, all your servers can be reimaged concurrently.

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