Network+

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-n #


Pings the specified host multiple times (the number of times is specified by the number, #).


-t


Pings the host continually until you press Ctrl+C.


-r #


Records the route taken during the Ping hops. Requires a number (#) to indicate the number of hops to record. Similar to the tracert command (discussed later in this chapter).

You can ping your local TCP/IP interface by typing ping 127.0.0.1 or ping localhost. Both addresses represent the local interface.


The winipcfg and ipconfig Utilities


Of all the TCP/IP utilities that come with Windows 95/98 or NT, the IP configuration utilities are probably the most overlooked. These utilities display the current configuration of TCP/IP on that workstation, including the current IP address, DNS configuration, WINS configuration, and default gateway.

Using the winipcfg Utility


The IP configuration utility for Windows 95/98 is winipcfg. You use it to display the current TCP/IP configuration on a Windows 95/98 workstation. Follow these two steps:


1. Choose Start > Run, type winipcfg, and click OK to display the IP Configuration dialog box.


2. Click the down arrow to choose the network interface for which you want to view statistics. The screen in the graphic above shows this information for the Intel EtherExpress.


To display more detailed configuration information, click the More Info button to open the following IP Configuration dialog box:




If you are using DHCP to get IP address information, click the Release All button to remove all information obtained from a DHCP server (including an IP address). Click the Renew All button to release all DHCP information and request new TCP/IP configuration information.

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