Absolute BSD

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Absolute BSD—The Ultimate Guide to FreeBSD


Absolute BSD—The Ultimate Guide to FreeBSD…………………………………………………………………1


Dedication…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3


Foreword…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..4


Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5


What Is FreeBSD?…………………………………………………………………………………………………….5


How Did FreeBSD Get Here?……………………………………………………………………………………..5


The BSD License: BSD Goes Public……………………………………………………………………………6


The Birth of Modern FreeBSD…………………………………………………………………………………….6


FreeBSD Development………………………………………………………………………………………………7


Committers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………7


Contributors………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8


Users…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8


Other BSDs……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8


NetBSD………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8


OpenBSD……………………………………………………………………………………………………………9


BSD/OS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..9


Mac OS X……………………………………………………………………………………………………………9


Other UNIXes……………………………………………………………………………………………………………9


Solaris………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..9


AIX…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..10


Linux………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..10


IRIX, HPUX, etc…………………………………………………………………………………………………10


FreeBSD’s Strengths……………………………………………………………………………………………….10


Portability………………………………………………………………………………………………………….10


Power……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….10


Simplified Software Management…………………………………………………………………………11


Optimized Upgrade Process………………………………………………………………………………..11


Filesystem…………………………………………………………………………………………………………11


Who Should Use FreeBSD……………………………………………………………………………………….11


FreeBSD as Your Desktop………………………………………………………………………………………..11


Who Should Run Another BSD………………………………………………………………………………….12


Who Should Run a Proprietary Operating System……………………………………………………….12


How to Read This Book……………………………………………………………………………………………13


What Must You Know?…………………………………………………………………………………………….13


How to Think About UNIX…………………………………………………………………………………………14


Channels of Communication………………………………………………………………………………..14


Working with Channels……………………………………………………………………………………….14


The Command Line……………………………………………………………………………………………14


Chapter 1: Installation………………………………………………………………………………………………………16


FreeBSD Hardware………………………………………………………………………………………………….16


Processor………………………………………………………………………………………………………….16


Memory (RAM)…………………………………………………………………………………………………..16


Hard Drives……………………………………………………………………………………………………….16


Downloading FreeBSD…………………………………………………………………………………………….17


Installing by FTP………………………………………………………………………………………………..18


Other FTP Install Information……………………………………………………………………………….19


Chapter 1: Installation


Hardware Setup:……………………………………………………………………………………………………..19


Actually Installing FreeBSD………………………………………………………………………………………20


Configuring the Kernel for ISA Cards……………………………………………………………………21


Sysinstall: The Ugly FreeBSD Installer………………………………………………………………….21


Disk Usage……………………………………………………………………………………………………….22


Partitioning……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..24


Root………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………25


Swap Space…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..25


Swap Splitting……………………………………………………………………………………………………26


/var, /usr, and /home………………………………………………………………………………………………..26


A Second Hard Drive……………………………………………………………………………………………….27


Soft Updates……………………………………………………………………………………………………..28


Block Size…………………………………………………………………………………………………………28


What to Install……………………………………………………………………………………………………28


Installation Media……………………………………………………………………………………………….29


Committing………………………………………………………………………………………………………..30


Post-Install Setup:…………………………………………………………………………………………………..30


Root Password…………………………………………………………………………………………………..30


Adding Users…………………………………………………………………………………………………….31


Time Zone:………………………………………………………………………………………………………..32

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